The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a network of physical objects or "things" that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies to connect and exchange data with other devices and systems over the internet or other communication networks.
These objects can be everyday items such as household appliances, vehicles, wearable devices, industrial machines, and more.
Key characteristics of IoT:
Connectivity: IoT devices are connected to the internet or other networks, allowing them to communicate and share data with other devices and centralized systems.
Sensing and Data Collection: IoT devices typically have sensors that collect various types of data, such as temperature, humidity, location, motion, and more. This data can be used for monitoring and control purposes.
Data Processing: IoT devices often process the data they collect locally or send it to cloud-based platforms for analysis. Advanced analytics and machine learning techniques can be applied to extract meaningful insights from this data.
Automation and Control: IoT enables automation and remote control of devices and systems. For example, you can remotely adjust the temperature in your home using a smartphone app, or industrial machines can be monitored and controlled from a central control center.
Interoperability: IoT systems aim to be interoperable, allowing devices from different manufacturers and platforms to work together seamlessly. Standardized communication protocols play a crucial role in achieving interoperability.
Real-time Communication: Many IoT applications require real-time or near-real-time communication to support critical processes, such as remote monitoring of patients in healthcare or real-time adjustments in smart grid systems.
IoT has a wide range of applications across various industries, including:
Smart Homes: IoT devices like smart thermostats, security cameras, and voice assistants enhance home automation and security.
Industrial IoT (IIoT): Manufacturing, agriculture, and logistics industries use IoT for predictive maintenance, supply chain optimization, and monitoring equipment health.
Healthcare: IoT enables remote patient monitoring, wearable health devices, and smart medical equipment.
Smart Cities: IoT is used to improve urban infrastructure, including smart traffic management, waste management, and environmental monitoring.
Agriculture: Precision agriculture uses IoT sensors and data analytics to optimize crop management and resource usage.
Transportation: IoT is employed in vehicle telematics, traffic management, and autonomous vehicles.
While IoT offers numerous benefits in terms of efficiency, convenience, and data-driven decision-making, it also raises concerns about data privacy, security, and the potential for misuse of collected data. Therefore, addressing these challenges is essential to ensure the responsible and secure deployment of IoT technology.
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Study of Wireless Technologies
IoT Basics & History
#2 Electronics Hardware
Component & Peripherals Basic
#3 IoT Modules & Microcontrollers
Introduction to Microcontroller
Microcontroller vs. Microprocessor
IoT board Selection
Software Tools & Driver Installations
IoT Board Interfacing with PC/Laptop
#5 Microcontroller Basics & Arduino Programming
Working with provided hardware kit components & study
Study of Arduino IDE
Library integration through Github
#6 Peripherals & Components Interfacing
LED interface with chaser circuit
UART serial communication
LCD & I2C Module interface
Sensor interface (6 Sensors)
IR (Obstacle Sensor)
Soil Moisture Sensor
#7 Introduction to WWW & Web Technologies
WWW (World Wide Web)
Client-Server architecture (DNS)
HTTP Request & Response
Cloud Computing & Edge Computing
Study of Web-based protocols & ports
HTTP & HTTPS
GET & POST Methods
#8 IoT Application Interface using Android & Internet
Android API Interface
#9 Web-Based API Design & Integration
Web Dashboard Design using HTML, Bootstrap CSS, PHP & MySQL
Monitors sensor information on Web Applications
Store sensor information in the Database
#10 IoT Security
IoT Security Challenges
Wi-Fi Attack using ESP8266
#11 Raspberry Pi IoT Device
Raspberry Pi Configuration
Raspberry Pi Camera Interface
IoT Kit Components
Components & Modules
NodeMCU ESP8266 CP2102
Breadboard (Full Size)
Micro USB Data Cable
Jumper Wires Male to Male
Jumper Wires Male to Female
LED 5mm RED
LED 5mm GREEN
LED 5mm BLUE
LED 5mm WHITE
LED 5mm YELLOW
Micro Buzzer 5V DC
Soil Moisture Sensor
16x2 LCD Display with Female Berg Strip (Soldered)