The Internet of Things

What is IoT?

  • The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a network of physical objects or "things" that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies to connect and exchange data with other devices and systems over the internet or other communication networks.
  • These objects can be everyday items such as household appliances, vehicles, wearable devices, industrial machines, and more.

Key characteristics of IoT:

  • Connectivity: IoT devices are connected to the internet or other networks, allowing them to communicate and share data with other devices and centralized systems.
  • Sensing and Data Collection: IoT devices typically have sensors that collect various types of data, such as temperature, humidity, location, motion, and more. This data can be used for monitoring and control purposes.
  • Data Processing: IoT devices often process the data they collect locally or send it to cloud-based platforms for analysis. Advanced analytics and machine learning techniques can be applied to extract meaningful insights from this data.
  • Automation and Control: IoT enables automation and remote control of devices and systems. For example, you can remotely adjust the temperature in your home using a smartphone app, or industrial machines can be monitored and controlled from a central control center.
  • Interoperability: IoT systems aim to be interoperable, allowing devices from different manufacturers and platforms to work together seamlessly. Standardized communication protocols play a crucial role in achieving interoperability.
  • Real-time Communication: Many IoT applications require real-time or near-real-time communication to support critical processes, such as remote monitoring of patients in healthcare or real-time adjustments in smart grid systems.

IoT has a wide range of applications across various industries, including:

  • Smart Homes: IoT devices like smart thermostats, security cameras, and voice assistants enhance home automation and security.
  • Industrial IoT (IIoT): Manufacturing, agriculture, and logistics industries use IoT for predictive maintenance, supply chain optimization, and monitoring equipment health.
  • Healthcare: IoT enables remote patient monitoring, wearable health devices, and smart medical equipment.
  • Smart Cities: IoT is used to improve urban infrastructure, including smart traffic management, waste management, and environmental monitoring.
  • Agriculture: Precision agriculture uses IoT sensors and data analytics to optimize crop management and resource usage.
  • Transportation: IoT is employed in vehicle telematics, traffic management, and autonomous vehicles.

While IoT offers numerous benefits in terms of efficiency, convenience, and data-driven decision-making, it also raises concerns about data privacy, security, and the potential for misuse of collected data. Therefore, addressing these challenges is essential to ensure the responsible and secure deployment of IoT technology.

#1 Introduction

  • Latest Trend in Technologies
  • Study of Wireless Technologies
  • IoT Basics & History

#2 Electronics Hardware

  • Component & Peripherals Basic
  • Microcontroller Basic

#3 IoT Modules & Microcontrollers

  • Introduction to Microcontroller
  • Microcontroller vs. Microprocessor
  • IoT board Selection
  • Software Tools & Driver Installations

#4 Connectivity

  • IoT Board Interfacing with PC/Laptop
  • Serial Communication

#5 Microcontroller Basics & Arduino Programming

  • Working with provided hardware kit components & study
  • Breadboard connections
  • Study of Arduino IDE
  • Arduino Programming
  • Library integration through Github

#6 Peripherals & Components Interfacing

  • LED interface with chaser circuit
  • Buzzer interface
  • UART serial communication
  • LCD & I2C Module interface
  • Sensor interface (6 Sensors)
    • Temperature
    • Humidity
    • IR (Obstacle Sensor)
    • Light Sensor
    • Fire Sensor
    • Soil Moisture Sensor

#7 Introduction to WWW & Web Technologies

  • WWW (World Wide Web)
  • Client-Server architecture (DNS)
  • HTTP Request & Response
  • Cloud Computing & Edge Computing
  • Study of Web-based protocols & ports
    • HTTP & HTTPS
  • GET & POST Methods

#8 IoT Application Interface using Android & Internet

  • Android API Interface
  • Dashboard Design
  • Device Automation

#9 Web-Based API Design & Integration

  • Web Dashboard Design using HTML, Bootstrap CSS, PHP & MySQL
  • Monitors sensor information on Web Applications
  • Store sensor information in the Database

#10 IoT Security

  • IoT Security Challenges
  • Wi-Fi Attack using ESP8266

#11 Raspberry Pi IoT Device

  • Introduction
  • Raspberry Pi Configuration
  • Raspberry Pi Camera Interface

IoT Kit Components

# Components & Modules
1 NodeMCU ESP8266 CP2102
2 Breadboard (Full Size)
3 Micro USB Data Cable
4 Jumper Wires Male to Male
5 Jumper Wires Male to Female
6 LED 5mm RED
8 LED 5mm BLUE
11 Resistor 330E
12 Resistor 10K
13 Micro Buzzer 5V DC
14 IR Sensor
15 Fire Sensor
16 Light Sensor
17 Soil Moisture Sensor
18 DHT11 Sensor
19 16x2 LCD Display with Female Berg Strip (Soldered)
20 I2C Module for LCD Display
21 USB Camera Module
22 Raspberry Pi 4 - 4GB RAM